Profile

From: WHO, 2015. Cambodia Malaria Profile. Geneva: World Health Organization. Available at: www.who.int

Epidemiological profile of Cambodia

Population by malaria endemicity (000) 2015 %
High transmission (≥ 1 case per 1000 population) 7 500 48
Low transmission (0-1 cases per 1000 population) 3 520 23
Malaria free (0 cases) 4 560 29
Total population 15 580  
Parasites and vectors
Major plasmodium species P. falciparum (61%), P. vivax (39%)
Major anopheles species An. minimus, dirus, maculatus, sundaicus

Intervention policies and strategies

   Intervention    WHO-recommended policy/strategy Yes/no Year adopted
ITN/LLIN

ITNs/LLINs distributed free of charge

ITNs/LLINs distributed to all age groups

Yes

Yes

2000

2000

IRS

IRS is recommended

DDT is used for IRS

Yes

No

-

-

IPT IPT is used to prevent malaria during pregnancy N/A  
Case management

Patients of all ages should receive diagnostic test

RDTs used at community level

ACT is free for all ages in public sector

Pre-referral treatment with recommended medicines

Oral artemisinin-based monotherapies are not registered

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

2000

2000

2000

-

2009

 

Antimalarial policy Type of medicine Year adopted
First-line treatment of unconfirmed malaria - -
First-line treatment of P.falciparum AS+MQ; DHA-PPQ+PQ 2000
For treatment failure of P.falciparum QN+T 2000
Treatment of severe malaria AM;AS; QN -
Treatment of P.vivax DHA-PPQ 2011

Therapeutic efficacity tests (therapeutic or parasitological failure, %)

Medicine Year No. of studies Min. Median Max. Follow-up Species
AS+MQ 2005-2016 17 0 1.4 19.4 42 days P. falciparum
DHA-PPQ 2008-2011 30 0 8.3 62.5 42 days P. falciparum
DHA-PPQ 2010-2016 8 0 0 3.3 28 days P. vivax