Profile

From: WHO, 2013. World Malaria Report 2012. Geneva: World Health Organization. Available at: www.who.int

Epidemiological profile of Cambodia

Population by malaria endemicity (000) 2011 %
High transmission (≥ 1 case per 1000 population) 6 290 44
Low transmission (0-1 cases per 1000 population) 1 290 9
Malaria free (0 cases) 6 720 47
Rural population 14 300  
Parasites and vectors
Major plasmodium species P. falciparum (63%), P. vivax (37%)
Major anopheles species An. minimus, dirus, maculatus, sundaicus

Intervention policies and strategies

   Intervention    WHO-recommended policy/strategy Yes/no Year adopted
ITN/LLIN

ITNs/LLINs distributed free of charge

ITNs/LLINs distributed to all age groups

Yes

Yes

2000

2000

IRS

IRS is recommended

DDT is used for IRS

No

No

-

-

IPT IPT is used to prevent malaria during pregnancy N/A  
Case management

Patients of all ages should receive diagnostic test

RDTs used at community level

ACT is free for all ages in public sector

Pre-referral treatment with recommended medicines

Oral artemisinin-based monotherapies are not registered

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

2000

2000

2000

-

2009

 

Antimalarial policy Type of medicine Year adopted
First-line treatment of unconfirmed malaria - -
First-line treatment of P.falciparum AS+AQ; DHA-PPQ+PQ 2000
For treatment failure of P.falciparum QN+T 2000
Treatment of severe malaria AM;QN 2000
Treatment of P.vivax DHA-PPQ 2011

Therapeutic efficacity tests (therapeutic or parasitological failure, %)

Medicine Year No. of studies Min. Median Max. Follow-up
DHA-PPQ 2008-2011 11 0 3.6 25 42 days