Profile

From: WHO, 2015. Lao People's Democratic Republic Malaria Profile. Geneva: World Health Organization. Available at: www.who.int

Epidemiological profile of Laos

Population by malaria endemicity (000) 2015 %
High transmission (≥ 1 case per 1000 population) 2 120 31
Low transmission (0-1 cases per 1000 population) 4 170 61
Malaria free (0 cases) 503 7
Total 6 800  
Parasites and vectors
Major plasmodium species P. falciparum (42%), P. vivax (58%)
Major anopheles species An. dirus, minimus, maculatus, jeyporiensis

Intervention policies and strategies

   Intervention   WHO-recommended policy/strategy Yes/no Year adopted
ITN/LLIN

ITNs/LLINs distributed free of charge

ITNs/LLINs distributed to all age groups

Yes

Yes

2003

2000

IRS

IRS is recommended

DDT is used for IRS

Yes

No

2010

-

IPT IPT is used to prevent malaria during pregnancy N/A -
Case management

Patients of all ages should receive diagnostic test

Malaria Diagnosis is free of charge in the public sector

ACT is free for all ages in public sector

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

2003

2005

2005

 

 

Antimalarial policy Type of medicine Year adopted
First-line treatment of unconfirmed malaria - -
First-line treatment of P.falciparum AL 2001
For treatment failure of P.falciparum QN+D 2001
Treatment of severe malaria AS+AL 2001
Treatment of P.vivax CQ+PQ(14d) 2001

Therapeutic efficacity tests (therapeutic or parasitological failure, %)

Medicine Year No. of studies  Min. Median Max. Follow-up  Species
AL 2005-2015 15 0 2.4 14 28 days P. falciparum