Profile

From: WHO, 2013. World Malaria Report 2012. Geneva: World Health Organization. Available at: www.who.int

Epidemiological profile of Myanmar

Population by malaria endemicity (000) 2011 %
High transmission (≥ 1 case per 1000 population) 3 860 3
Low transmission (0-1 cases per 1000 population) 11 200 7
Malaria free (0 cases) 135 000 90
Total 150 060  
Parasites and vectors
Major plasmodium species P. falciparum (87%), P. vivax (13%)
Major anopheles species An. dirus, philippinensis, sundaicus

Intervention policies and strategies

   Intervention   WHO-recommended policy/strategy Yes/no Year adopted
ITN/LLIN

ITNs/LLINs distributed free of charge

ITNs/LLINs distributed to all age groups

Yes

Yes

2008

2008

IRS

IRS is recommended

DDT is used for IRS

No

No

-

-

IPT IPT is used to prevent malaria during pregnancy N/A  
Case management

Patients of all ages should receive diagnostic test

RDTs used at community level

ACT is free for all ages in public sector

Pre-referral treatment with recommended medicines

Oral artemisinin-based monotherapies are not registered

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

2000

2007

2007

2004

--

 

Antimalarial policy Type of medicine Year adopted
First-line treatment of unconfirmed malaria AL 2004
First-line treatment of P.falciparum AL 2004
For treatment failure of P.falciparum QN 2004
Treatment of severe malaria QN 2004
Treatment of P.vivax - -

Therapeutic efficacity tests (therapeutic or parasitological failure, %)

Medicine Year No. of studies Min. Median Max. Follow-up
AS+AQ 2005-2009 5 0 0 6.5 28 days