Profile

From: WHO, 2009. United Republic of Tanzania Malaria Profile. Geneva: World Health Organization. Available at: www.who.int

Epidemiological profile of Tanzania

Population by malaria endemicity (000) 2009 %
High transmission (≥ 1 case per 1000 population)  1 321 100
Low transmission (0-1 cases per 1000 population) 0 0
Malaria free (0 cases) 0 0
Total 1 321  
Parasites and vectors
Major plasmodium species P. falciparum
Major anopheles species An. gambiae

Intervention policies and strategies

   Intervention    WHO-recommended policy/strategy Yes/no Year adopted
ITN/LLIN

ITNs/LLINs distributed free of charge

ITNs/LLINs distributed to all age groups

Yes

Yes

2005

2008

IRS

IRS is recommended

DDT is used for IRS

Yes

-

2006

-

IPT IPT is used to prevent malaria during pregnancy Yes 2004
Case management

Patients of all ages should receive diagnostic test

RDTs used at community level

ACT is free for all ages in public sector

Pre-referral treatment with recommended medicines

Marketing authorization for all oral artemisinin-based monotherapies withdrawn

Yes

-

Yes

Yes

-

2006

-

2003

2004

-

 

Antimalarial policy Type of medicine Year adopted
First-line treatment of unconfirmed malaria AS + AQ 2004
First-line treatment of P.falciparum AS + AQ 2004
For treatment failure of P.falciparum QN 2004
Treatment of severe malaria QN 2004
Treatment of P.vivax - -

Therapeutic efficacity tests (therapeutic or parasitological failure, %)

Medicine Year No. of studies  Min. Median Max. Follow-up 
AS + AQ 2002-2005 2 10.8 12.1 13.4 42 days