Profile

From: WHO, 2015. Thailand Malaria Profile. Geneva: World Health Organization. Available at: www.who.int

Epidemiological profile of Thailand

Population by malaria endemicity (000) 2015 %
High transmission (≥ 1 case per 1000 population) 5 440 8
Low transmission (0-1 cases per 1000 population) 26 500 42
Malaria free (0 cases) 34 000 50
Total 67 960  
Parasites and vectors
Major plasmodium species P. falciparum (81%), P. vivax (19%)
Major anopheles species An. dirus, minimus, maculatus, sundaicus

Intervention policies and strategies

   Intervention    WHO-recommended policy/strategy Yes/no Year adopted
ITN/LLIN

ITNs/LLINs distributed free of charge

ITNs/LLINs distributed to all age groups

Yes

Yes

1992

1992

IRS

IRS is recommended

DDT is used for IRS

Yes

No

1953

-

IPT IPT is used to prevent malaria during pregnancy N/A -
Case management

Patients of all ages should receive diagnostic test

ACT is free for all ages in public sector

 

Yes

Yes

 

1943

1995

 

 

Antimalarial policy Type of medicine Year adopted
First-line treatment of unconfirmed malaria - -
First-line treatment of P.falciparum DHA-PPQ 2015
For treatment failure of P.falciparum QN + D 2007
Treatment of severe malaria QN + D 2007
Treatment of P.vivax CQ+PQ(14d) 2007