Profile

From: WHO, 2015. Zambia Malaria Profile. Geneva: World Health Organization. Available at: www.who.int

Epidemiological profile of Zambia

Population by malaria endemicity (000) 2015 %
High transmission (≥ 1 case per 1000 population) 16 200 100
Low transmission (0-1 cases per 1000 population) 0 0
Malaria free (0 cases) 0 0
Total 16 210  
Parasites and vectors
Major plasmodium species P. falciparum (100%), P. vivax (0%)
Major anopheles species An. gambiae, arabiensis, funestus

Intervention policies and strategies

   Intervention   WHO-recommended policy/strategy Yes/no Year adopted
ITN/LLIN

ITNs/LLINs distributed free of charge

ITNs/LLINs distributed to all age groups

Yes

Yes

2005

1998

IRS

IRS is recommended

DDT is used for IRS

Yes

Yes

-

-

IPT IPT is used to prevent malaria during pregnancy Yes -
Case management

Patients of all ages should receive diagnostic test

RDTs used at community level

ACT is free for all ages in public sector

Pre-referral treatment with recommended medicines

Marketing authorization for all oral artemisinin-based monotherapies withdrawn

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

-

2007

2003

1998

2003

 

Antimalarial policy Type of medicine Year adopted
First-line treatment of unconfirmed malaria AL 2002
First-line treatment of P.falciparum AL 2002
For treatment failure of P.falciparum QN 2002
Treatment of severe malaria AS; AM; QN 2002
Treatment of P.vivax - -

Therapeutic efficacity tests (therapeutic or parasitological failure, %)

Medicine Year No. of studies Min. Median Max. Follow-up
AL 2005-2012 12 0 0 6.7 28 days