India

FPwatch

The Government of India (GOI) recognizes that family planning and birth spacing can play an integral role in reducing maternal mortality and morbidity, but despite the implementation of a national FP program for 60 years (since 1951), only 56.3% of married women in India practice any form of birth control.There are still limited availability of contraceptive choices and lack of emphasis on spacing. India’s FP2020 commitments include a shift from limiting and long-lasting methods to delaying and spacing methods with an expansion of method choice, focusing on IUDs.2 While the government's shift in strategy is important, there are widespread concerns that these commitments may not translate into adequate protection of women's rights and quality of FP services. Quality data is needed to monitor change and sustainability. 

A national family planning outlet survey was conducted in two states (Uttar Pradesh and Bihar) of India in the late spring 2016 under the FPwatch project. The survey was conducted in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, the first and third most populous states, respectively, accounting for 25% of the total national population.

Stay tuned for results!

1 International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS) and Macro International. (2007). National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3), 2005–06: India: Volume I. Mumbai: IIPS.

2 Government of India: Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (2014). India’s ‘Vision FP 2020.’ Available from http://ec2-54-210-230-186.compute-1.amazonaws.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/Indias-Vision-FP2020.pdf Accessed May 3, 2016.

Photo credit: PSI India